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Lotus Leaf Alkaloid Extract Displays Sedative–Hypnotic And Anxiolytic Effects Through GABAA Receptor
Risun Bio-Tech Inc | Updated: Apr 25, 2016

  Lotus leaves have been used traditionally as both food and herbal medicine in Asia. Open-field, sodium pentobarbital-induced sleeping 

and light/dark box tests were used to evaluate sedative–hypnotic and anxiolytic effects of the total alkaloids (TA) extracted from the herb, 

and the neurotransmitter levels in the brain were determined by ultrafast liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry. The effects 

of picrotoxin, flumazenil, and bicuculline on the hypnotic activity of TA, as well as the influence of TA on Cl influx in cerebellar granule 

cells, were also investigated. TA showed a sedative–hypnotic effect by increasing the brain level of γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA), and the 

hypnotic effect could be blocked by picrotoxin and bicuculline, but could not be antagonized by flumazenil. Additionally, TA could increase 

Cl influx in cerebellar granule cells. TA at 20 mg/kg induced anxiolytic-like effects and significantly increased the concentrations of 

serotonin (5-HT), 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA), and dopamine (DA). These data demonstrated that TA exerts sedative–hypnotic 

and anxiolytic effects via binding to the GABAA receptor and activating the monoaminergic system.